Abattoir welcomes National Review writer, a bunch of Duggars.

We are pleased to announce that the Palace Abattoir has been doing a brisk business lately with our groundbreaking involuntary organ extraction program! And we continue to expand to keep up with the overwhelming need for lifesaving organs as well as the seemingly endless supply of potential donors who feel so strongly about the moral imperative of involuntary organ donation.

First, some d00d we never heard of named Kevin D. Williamson who writes for some rag called The National Review responded to a tweet asking whether women who have an abortion should be sentenced to life in prison without parole:

williamsontweethanging“I have hanging more in mind.” -Kevin D. Williamson

Wait, did he just say women who have abortions should be subject to the death penalty?

williamsontweethomicide“Yes, I believe that the law should treat abortion like any other homicide.” -Kevin D. Williamson

Then surely it would be murder most foul for Kevin D. Williamson to withhold his blood, skin, bone marrow and a kidney from those whose very lives are depending on access to them. Don’t worry: if he resists being an involuntary organ donor, we’ll just hang him. Easy-peasy! Then we can extract two kidneys, a liver, two lungs and his heart—assuming we can find it.

abattoir2We’re ready for you now, Mr. Williamson. This won’t hurt much. (Unlike, say, childbirth.)

Then there’s this whole Duggar fiasco, whom we’ve actually heard of but have tried to stay far, far away from. Mainly because this hair is on purpose:

duggarhairWHAT.

I’m just kidding. (Sort of). No, it’s because Christian patriarch Jim Bob here and his wife Michelle are doing shit like this:

The Duggar’s — conservative Christian reality TV stars — held a press conference on Monday to express their support for a ballot initiative in Tennessee that would give state lawmakers the power to enact greater restrictions on abortion.

“We have the responsibility under almighty God to protect innocent lives that cannot yet speak for themselves,” said Michelle Duggar, according to the Times Free Press. “If we don’t speak up and do something to stop this holocaust, the blood of these little ones will be on our hands.”

No dears, the blood of dead and maimed women will be on your hands. Oh, and guess what? These fuckers don’t even live in Tennessee. They’re just all up in those Tennessee vaginas.

So, in addition to Bobby Jim or whatever and Michelle, please give a warm Abattoir welcome to Josh, Jana, John-David, Jill, Jessa, Jinger, Joseph and Josiah Duggar! (Just the ones who are 18 or older—Jeezus, we’re not monsters.)

Recent reads, new quotes.

German universities scrap all tuition fees. Charter, D., The Times (Sep. 2014). [Christ, what a socialist nightmare. -Ed.]

White House exempts Syria airstrikes from tight standards on civilian deaths: Amid reports of women and children killed in U.S. air offensive, official says the ‘near certainty’ policy doesn’t apply. Isikoff, M., Yahoo News (Sep. 2014).

Police Chief Asked Medical Examiner to Change Autopsy Report To Match Officer Testimony, He Does. Vibes, J., The Free Thought Project (Sep. 2014).

US jobs that returned after 2008 recession pay 23 percent less. RT.com (Aug. 2014).

20 percent of American workers have lost their job during the last 5 years. RT.com (Sep. 2014).

World wildlife populations halved in 40 years – report. Harrabin, R., BBC (Sep. 2014). (“The society’s report, in conjunction with the pressure group WWF, says humans are cutting down trees more quickly than they can re-grow, harvesting more fish than the oceans can re-stock, pumping water from rivers and aquifers faster than rainfall can replenish them, and emitting more carbon than oceans and forests can absorb.”)

US and Afghanistan sign security deal: Pact allows 10,000 American troops to remain in the country and raises hopes for improved US-Afghan relations. Rasmussen, S.E., The Guardian (Sep. 2014). [This has worked out so well in Iraq. -Ed.]

Reality TV star Jessa Duggar blames the Holocaust on the theory of evolution. Dolan, E.W., Raw Story (Sep. 2014). [WHAT. -Ed.]

Haredim refuse to sit next to women on El Al flight, causing ’11-hour-nightmare’. Blumenthal, I., Jewish World (Sep. 2014). [Does it make me a terrible person that I go out of my way to brush up against Haredim on crowded subways? Probably. And yet I have no intention of stopping. -Ed.]

Stop Interrupting Me: Gender, Conversation Dominance, and Listener Bias. Kirkpatrick, J., Women In Astronomy (Jul. 2014). (“Having a seat at the table is not the same as having a voice.”)

How a Black Gay Mormon Kid Lost His Faith. James, G., The Root (Sep. 2014). [TW: rape, homophobia.]

Woman working 4 jobs to make ends meet dies while napping in car between shifts. RT.com (Aug. 2014). [The American Dream! -Ed.]

The Terrible Tragedy of the Healthy Eater. Erica, Northwest Edible Life (Aug 2012). [OMFG LOL. -Ed.]

__________

For our world-renowned QUOTE collection, some words from Elie Wiesel [h/t SJ]:

Indifference, to me, is the epitome of evil.

I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.

As long as one dissident is in prison, our freedom will not be true. As long as one child is hungry, our lives will be filled with anguish and shame. What all these victims need above all is to know that they are not alone; that we are not forgetting them, that when their voices are stifled we shall lend them ours, that while their freedom depends on ours, the quality of our freedom depends on theirs.

War dehumanizes, war diminishes, war debases all those who wage it.

There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.

None of us is in a position to eliminate war, but it is our obligation to denounce it and expose it in all its hideousness. War leaves no victors, only victims. [Not so: America's Owners are the victors. -Ed.]

A destruction only man can provoke, only man can prevent.

No human being is illegal.

__________

NOTE PLZ: Acquisition of quotes and links for the Library does not imply the Palace’s 100% agreement with or endorsement of any content, organization or individual.

If this is not sacrificing your daughter on “the alter of men,” then nothing is.

Once again, it has come to my attention that people who write misogynist shit are not universally mocked for dehumanizing women and girls. No, I’m not talking about Richard fucking Dawkins—although no one would be surprised at anything embarrassingly ill-informed and sexist emanating from him. Today I’m talking about Christian clergy who opine thusly:

2 Reasons Why My Daughter Will Not Go to College
by Pastor Karl Heitman

Meet Annalise. She is my only little princess…She’s five years old and, like every loving father, I’ll be forced to give her away one day. Until then, my wife and I have the immense opportunity to train her and prepare her to be a woman of God. More specifically, we have the mandate to prepare her to be a wife and mother. To be honest, I have a deep concern for her because of the feministic culture we live in. Let’s face it; feminism has so influenced American culture that it has infiltrated the Christian culture just as much in more subtle ways. The average Christian woman is not trained from the home, nor encouraged, to find a husband as an alternative to going to college and starting a career.

Wait, feminists cannot be wives and mothers? That’s news to me—and my mom, my sister and many friends. And probably to Angelina Jolie.

Of course college is not for every woman, nor is ambitious careerism—the same goes for men. But neither is marriage and/or having children for everyone. In any case, none of these things are mutually exclusive. But please—go on, pastor:

When I even suggest the possibility of not sending my daughter to college, I almost always get the stink eye.

Good. She’s five fucking years old, and presumably does not yet know—as my remarkable sister did at that age—how she wants to live her life. (<—Emphasis on her life.)

This grieves me because we have allowed the culture to sear our conscience to the point where the plain reading of Scripture is scoffed at by professing Christians.

And thank the fuckin’ Lard “the plain reading of scripture is scoffed at by professing Christians”! Otherwise they’d be stoning disobedient children to death (and gay men, rape victims and people who do yard work on Sundays). And banning the wearing of cotton-wool blends, eating pork or shellfish, and taking oaths (like the pledge of allegiance). So, you ignore all sorts of morally grotesque and bizarre biblical rules that you’ve conveniently decided should not apply to you. But all that misogynist shit? Well, all that definitely applies to the wimmenz:

This is why I have a drive to see our churches be more passionate about Titus 2 than conforming to the cultural expectation of women being independent of man. Thankfully this doesn’t pertain to all single truly converted ladies. I have met a few women from godly families who have been trained to be “managers of the home” (Titus 2:4-5).

Hey, why don’t we take a closer look at what this Titus-writin’ d00d had to say in his second chapter, shall we?

Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things (Titus 2:9).

Uh-oh. That’s right, slaves: obey your masters! And please them well in all things. This is only right and godly.

What a horror show. Okay, maybe that was just a helpful suggestion?

These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. (Titus 2:15).

I guess not. Well, I have to assume the good pastor is 100% on board with slavery. Most of Titus 2 is about men tightly controlling women’s lives—and he is certainly 100% on board with that.

I’m calling all Christians to stop, pause, and ask, “Have I bought into the cultural expectations imposed on our young women of the faith? Are we, in practice, setting up our young women to function in a role they weren’t designed to?” To put it another way, is it wise to expect young women to go to a university and pursue a career?

Why, that sounds like a hypothesis that can actually be tested by investigating the real world! Let’s see…what do you know, lookie here:

Companies With Female CEOs Beat The Stock Market.
Covert, B., Think Progress (Jul. 2014).

Female CEOs at the country’s biggest companies oversee financial results, on average, that beat the stock market, according to Fortune Magazine’s analysis of data from Factset Research Systems.

Fortune 1000 companies with a woman in the top role saw an average return of 103.4 percent over the women’s tenures, compared to an average 69.5 percent return for the S&P 500 stock index over the same periods.

The companies with female CEOs also seem to generate an outsized amount of revenue compared to others…

Other studies have found that companies run by women outperform others. Hedge funds run by women had a 6 percent return between 2007 and 2013, beating both a global hedge fund index at the stock market.

Numerous studies have also found that companies with women on their boards of directors perform better than male-only ones.

Gosh, pastor, are we, in practice, setting up our young men to function in a role they weren’t designed to? To put it another way, is it wise to expect young men to go to a university and pursue a career?

Pastor…? Hello…?

I have come up with two reasons why my daughter won’t go to college:

1. My daughter won’t go to college if…her motive is wrong. For starters, I’m NOT opposed to my daughter getting a higher Christian (emphasis on Christian) education given that her heart is right (i.e., she does not want to get a degree just so that she can be independent of a man; see 1 Cor 11:9).

Corinthians, huh? Then I am sure the pastor is equally dedicated to a similar crusade to ensure Christians never sue each other (see 1 Cor 6). Right?

Many remain untaught about the role of women from a biblical perspective.

Hahaha. I wish.

A woman was created to fill the role of a helper and a companion, specifically to a husband. That’s why God created Eve (Gen 2:18).

How convenient. For you.

Until that happens, nowhere in Scripture does it command fathers to release their daughter into the world and demand that she learn how to fend for herself.

Since you won’t “release” your hostage daughter, Annalise will have to plan and execute her escape all by herself.  :(

Paul says twice in two different letters that a woman’s primary place of business is in the home (1 Tim 5:14; Tit 2:4). This role is precious and sacred, but the church has bought into the idea that to be a stay-at-home wife/mommy is second class and it’s despised…even in most churches.

WTF. That is an appalling view churches have toward women who choose (<—*ahem*) to dedicate themselves to their marriages, their homes and/or raising children. Even the evil feminists don’t do that. Perhaps—and I’m just thinkin’ out loud here—churches have bought into the idea that all women are second class citizens, because that’s what the fucking bible teaches.

Christian women are indeed pursuing the same things as unbelieving women: independence from a man.

Something is wrong with men who feel compelled to have women be utterly dependent upon them. Treating a grown woman like a helpless child is not just degrading and infantilizing, it raises more than one red flag for abuse.

Eve acted outside the authority and protection of Adam and, well, you know where that led to.

Indeed. If women are not kept at home and tightly monitored and controlled by men, THEY WILL TOTALLY RUIN EVERYTHING!!!11!!!

(Unlike men, who’ve been doing such a bangup job of things themselves.)

2. My daughter won’t go to college if…I can’t afford it.

Hopefully when Annalise finally escapes from you controlling assholes she moves to Germany. I will personally buy her a one-way ticket.

The blame for the church’s cultural compromises fall squarely on the shoulders of church leaders and fathers.

Well, better buckle down, men. Gotta keep women in line!

I pledged to myself that I will not sacrifice my daughter on the altar of men by sending her out of my home, care, and protection at age 18 just so that she can get a degree and achieve some worldly status…Now, I have a beautiful wife and precious little girl. It’s neither her burden nor her role to work outside the home in order to provide for me. The gifts God has given her are employed every single hour in her service to her husband, her children, and her church. Her job is 24 hours and I thank her often for it.

Thanks, honey, for your 24/7 unpaid labor as my servant.

The bottom line is this: the Bible does not command women to leave home at a young, vulnerable age, get a formal education, get a reputable job, and then have a family when she feels like it.

Only men should leave home at a young, vulnerable age, get a formal education, get a reputable job, and then have a family when they feel like it. See, it’s godly when they do it. What could possibly go wrong for Annalise?

One the other hand, the Bible reveals that it is God’s will for women to get married, raise godly children, and keep the home. It’s a high calling.

Yet strangely, this “high calling” pays nothing, discourages education, severely limits opportunities, encourages domination and abuse, and leaves women utterly dependent upon and subservient to a d00d.

If this is not sacrificing your daughter “on the alter of men,” then nothing is.

Reedz 4 U.

How the U.S. Concocted a Terror Threat to Justify Syria Strikes, and the Corporate Media Went Along. Goodman, A. and Hussain, M., Democracy Now! (Sep. 2014). [with VIDEO]

Florida Schools Have To Welcome Satanic Temple After Allowing Bible Thumpers To Expose Kids To Christian Materials. Foster Jr, S.D., Addicting Info (Sep. 2014). [Hahaha. Awesome. -Ed.]

This depressing chart shows that the rich aren’t just grabbing a bigger slice of the income pie — they’re taking all of it. Ingraham, C., The Washington Post (Sep. 2014).

Sam Harris Doesn’t Understand Bell Curves. Bernstein, J., Skepchick (Sep. 2014). [Among other things. -Ed.]

Defense contractors already are reaping the bounty of the all new unwinnable war. Lewis, L., Daily Kos (Sep. 2014).

Defense Contractors Are Making a Killing. Froomkin, D., The Intercept (Sep. 2014). [h/t CaitieCat]

An Anti-Feminist Walks Into a Bar: A Play in Five Acts. Scalzi, J., Whatever (Sep. 2014).

Minister who ran Canada’s largest Protestant church comes out as atheist. Garcia, A., Raw Story (Sep. 2014).

6 Women Scientists Who Were Snubbed Due to Sexism. Lee, J.J., National Geographic (May 2013).

The GOP’s New #IAmARepublican Campaign is Completely Backfiring on Them in Hilarious Ways. Prager, J., Americans Against the Tea Party (Sep. 2014).

__________

PLZ NOTE: Acquisition of links for the Library does not imply the Palace’s 100% agreement with or endorsement of any content, organization or individual.

There might be something seriously wrong with me.

…because when I read this, I laughed. Like, really hard. And then I could. not. stop.

One cost of war: U.S. blowing up its own Humvees

The United States is spending millions of dollars to destroy U.S. equipment in Iraq and Syria — gear the U.S. gave the Iraqi military that was later captured by ISIS forces. The U.S has hit 41 Humvees since attacks began in August, according to data from United States Central Command.

No, that’s not the funny part.

The U.S. is sending $30,000-bombs to eliminate these armored vehicles, which cost about a quarter of a million dollars each depending what it is equipped with, according to Todd Harrison, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.

Not even mildly amusing.

The U.S. Defense Department confirmed the targets to CNN. “In some cases, we have seen instances of ISIL capturing and employing U.S.-made equipment,” said a spokesperson. “When we’ve seen these terrorists employing this equipment, we’ve sought to eliminate that threat.”

Whatever. I feel unqualified to comment on that, since I’m obviously no military strategist. I mean, I would have strongly advised not fucking invading Iraq in the first place, so what do I know.

Once the U.S. destroys the equipment, it might have to re-supply the Iraqi military.

“If we want them [the Iraqi military] to be able to secure their own borders in the long run, we’re going to have to re-equip them,” said Harrison. “So we’ll be buying another Humvee and sending it back to the Iraqi military.”

Bwahahahaha! HAHAHAHA! OMFG. I just lost my fucking shit! And no, I’m not reading The Onion. This is CNN, ferchrissakes. (People in this bar are looking at me kinda weird. Fuck ‘em. They probably voted for Obama. Or worse.) Liss sums it up wryly: “What a fortuitous loop of total fuckery for war profiteers.” Better slash the food stamp budget some more, and Social Security too, while we’re at it—the Iraqis need more quarter million dollar armored Humvees we can later destroy with our $30,000 bombs!

Hey, remember when war profiteering was considered despicable? Yeah me neither. At any rate, now it’s the American Way.

Don’t get me wrong here: there is absolutely nothing even remotely humorous about war, or about US foreign policy, which for all practical purposes amounts to exactly the same goddamn thing. I am an unapologetic pacifist because there is virtually always a better solution to any conflict than (more) violence and destruction. And when I say better solution, I mean better by every single meaningful metric, including financially (for taxpayers at least…), environmentally, and of course with respect to harm to innocent humans and other life forms on planet Earth. “Collateral damage” is as evil as vicarious atonement. I hate everything about war; it is the ultimate failure of humanity to grow the fuck up and get its shit together.

But I just read the article again. And I’m not proud of this, people, but it’s the most hilarious thing I’ve seen in a loooong time. America’s Owners are either diabolical geniuses, or incompetent buffoons. And now that I think about it, very possibly both.

“So we’ll be buying another Humvee and sending it back to the Iraqi military.”

*gigglefit*

[h/t Shakesville]

MOAR reedz 4 Ur infotainment.

Coke and Pepsi concede that maybe soda is bad for you. Ferdman, R.A., The Washington Post (Sep. 2014).

Skeptical Spectacle: Mansplain in the membrane. Lubchansky, M., Medium.com The Nib (Sep. 2014). (Webcomic)

Andrew Cuomo wants to endorse a Republican, of course. kos, Daily Kos (Sep. 2014). (“Cuomo has worked hard to keep Republicans in power in the [New York State] Senate, from signing their aggressive gerrymander into law, to conspiring with corrupt rebel Democrats to keep Republicans in power.”)

Alaska reporter outs herself as pro-pot activist in epic on-air resignation: ‘F*ck it, I quit’. Gettys, T., Raw Story (Sep. 2014). [with VIDEO]

Why you’re wrong about communism: 7 huge misconceptions about it (and capitalism). Myerson, J., Salon (Feb. 2014).

The Forsaken: A Rising Number of Homeless Gay Teens Are Being Cast Out by Religious Families. Morris, A., Rolling Stone (Sep. 2014).

So why does Cracked CONSTANTLY push Feminist propaganda so hard? Bowie, S., Cracked (tumblog).

@RichardDawkins…We Are Not Allies. Hevenstone, N., Atheism, Music, and More… (Sep. 2014). (“I’m no longer above working alongside religious people to achieve those goals. Malala Yousafzai is a Muslim. John Fugelsang believes in Jesus. Melissa Harris-Perry is a Unitarian Universalist. bell hooks is very spiritual. Kelly Barnhill is Catholic. Nelson Mandela was a Methodist. And yet I would rather fight alongside all of them for social justice than Michael Shermer and Penn Jillette and Richard Dawkins and Sam Harris for even just atheism.”)

I survived an illegal abortion. Moreland Johns, F., Boing Boing (Sep. 2014).

Rape trauma: Why cops may think victims are lying. Research » Reaction to trauma can account for fragmented, sketchy stories. Smart, C., The Salt Lake Tribune (Jun. 2014).

__________

NOTE: The acquisition of links for the Palace Library does not imply the Palace’s 100% agreement with or endorsement of any content, organization, source or individual.

Recent reads.

library4

The Last Gasp of Climate Change Liberals. Hedges, C., Truthdig (Aug. 2014). [h/t SJ]

Errors and Emissions: Could Fighting Global Warming Be Cheap and Free? Krugman, P., The New York Times (Sep. 2014).

The Coming Climate Revolt. Hedges, C., Truthdig (Sep. 2014).

A Guide for Men with Good Intentions. xenologer,  Dissent of a Woman (Aug. 2012).

White Fragility. DiAngelo, R., International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, Vol 3 (3) (2011). (pdf)

The racial divide in America’s gun deaths. Ferdman, R.A., The Washington Post (Sep. 2014).

__________

NOTE: The acquisition of links for the Library does not imply the Palace’s 100% agreement with or endorsement of any content, organization, source or individual.

Something something Ron Lindsay blah blah blah.

Against my better judgement, I read a post by CFI’s Ron Lindsay entitled The Latest Harris Book/The Latest Harris Controversy. It’s pretty much unremarkable, except for this:

As indicated by my scare quotes, I’m not sure there’s an atheist “community” or “movement,” as opposed to there simply being atheists, some of whom have aligned themselves with one group or another, and some of whom—a distinct minority I believe—seem to relish making hateful, contemptible comments, most of which are directed against women. I can speak only for CFI, but this last group of individuals is not welcome in our organization, and, as we have done in the past, CFI unqualifiedly condemns their conduct.

Except when Ron Lindsay personally welcomed hateful, contemptible anti-feminist harassers to CFI’s Women in Secularism 2 conference? Devoted 10 minutes of his 30 minute opening remarks(!) to ‘splaining to a room full of feminist activists how we should all just, you know, hear them out? And when Rebecca Watson mildly criticized him for that wildly inappropriate BS, took to his blog during the conference (that Skepchick sponsored and where she was a speaker and panelist) and likened such criticism to living under a North Korean dictator?

That Ron Lindsay? Ooooookay.

If he wants to move on, condemn the shitweaselry he engaged in and so eagerly enabled, and strive to become a better human being, great. Seriously: that is both welcome and important. He doesn’t get to rewrite history, though. I was there. And this is gaslighting.

Speaking of comments, I am closing this post to comments. That’s not CFI’s usual practice, but in this case I’m doing it for a very practical reason: as just indicated, blog posts on issues relating to sex/gender issues tend to bring out the worst in some people. Although I’m sure most comments would be phrased in acceptable language, our experience has been that blog posts that touch on these topics require close moderation and neither Paul Fidalgo, who serves as our moderator, nor I will be available to moderate over the next few days.

Hahahaha. Awesome. Well, as we all know “blog posts on issues relating to sex/gender issues tend to bring out the worst in some people.” Not Ron Lindsay, of course. He is at his finest! But whatever we do, let us refrain from using language unacceptable to the delicate ears of Ron Lindsay. If we cannot explain the horrors of sexism to white d00ds in leadership positions in calm, soothing, Vulcan-like tones—taking great care to avoid hurting any man fee-fees—we can simply be dismissed as the emotional, irrational, shrieking harpies we clearly are.

LMAO.

In case you missed it: Another point of view re: the latest from Sam Harris. (<—Palace Endorsed 100% Seal of Approval™.)

HAPPY WEEKEND, Loyal Readers™!

palacehappyface

Recent reads.

library4

Apple will no longer unlock most iPhones, iPads for police, even with search warrants. Timberg, C., The Washington Post (Sep. 2014).

Newest Androids will join iPhones in offering default encryption, blocking police. Timberg, C., The Washington Post (Sep. 2014).

7 Famous Artists You Didn’t Know Were Perverts (Pt. 2). Lacerda, R. and Hossey, M., Cracked (Sep. 2014).

Another week, another atheist demands we call his sexism not-sexism. (This time, Sam Harris.) Marcotte, A., Raw Story (Sep. 2014).

Poverty and Language Development: Roles of Parenting and Stress. Perkins, S.C. et al., Innov Clin Neurosci. (Apr. 2013). (“with poverty, disparities in the development of language processing are arguably among the most consistently found— with decreases in vocabulary, phonological awareness, and syntax at many different developmental stages.”)

A New Yorker Expertly Teaches The Unwritten Rules Of Living In NYC In These Illustrations. Marino, A.S., Distractify (Sep. 2014).

If you’re a feminist you’ll be called a man-hater. You don’t need rebranding. Penny, L., The Guardian (Oct. 2013).

Feminists are not responsible for educating men. Winterfox, C. (Oct. 2013).

5 Things I Learned as a Sex Slave in Modern America. Evans, R., and Anonymous, Cracked (Sep. 2014).

Spanking Is Great for Sex. Which is why it’s grotesque for parenting. Keenan, J., Slate (Sep. 2014).

__________

NOTE: The acquisition of links for the Library does not imply the Palace’s 100% agreement with or endorsement of any content, organization, source or individual. Except for Amanda Marcotte’s piece on Sam Harris up there—that one gets the Palace Seal of 100% Approval™.